They come from tombs where that land's people were buried.
They name people who are mentioned in the Hebrew Bible.
Hebrew existed as a language that went through all the natural stages of development that we find in any language that people continuously speak and write over very long periods of time.
The point of this is how vast the array of the evidence is. It is not formulated by overestimating or overinterpreting a single little find.
24, the president of Iran informed reporters that Israel has "no roots there in history" in the Middle East.
Now a lot of good jokes come to mind at the expense of this clueless man, but, seriously folks, he has at least conveyed an important truth: he recognizes that Israel's historical presence in that world since antiquity matters – matters enough to deny it.
They include wording that also appears in the Hebrew Bible.
They reflect a widespread community whose dominant language was Hebrew, who didn't eat pork and who worshipped a God named YHWH.
Right below the Church of Scotland in Jerusalem, in a Jewish tomb from the seventh century B. E., was a silver cylinder with the words inscribed in it: It is the words of the Priestly Blessing in the Hebrew Bible (Numbers -26). The distinguished scholar Jeffrey Tigay of the University of Pennsylvania sums up: "The names of more than 1,200 pre-exilic Israelites are known from Hebrew inscriptions and foreign inscriptions referring to Israel." Of these, 557 have names with YHWH as their divine element, 77 have names with El. Assyrian King King Shalmaneser III names King "Ahab the Israelite" among his opponents in his Kurkh monument and names and pictures King Jehu on his Black Obelisk.
But what we cannot deny is the existence of the world that produced it. But let no one repeat this nonsense about Israel not having its historical roots there.
That fact is not true just because the Bible says so. We don't all agree on matters relating to the present politics of Israel and its neighbors. One cannot understand the Jews or Israel if one displaces the first 1,000 years of their history.
In parallel, we can trace the development of the Hebrew language as found in the Bible and the other ancient texts.
We didn't move from Shakespearean English to Valley Girl English overnight. Likewise, the Hebrew of the Song of Miriam and the Song of Deborah is different from the Hebrew of the late book of Nehemiah.